US informs Russia it will not rejoin Open Skies arms control pact

first_img Joe Biden said this evening the US will not rejoin the pact Also Read: US informs Russia it will not rejoin Open Skies arms control pact Show Comments ▼ Thursday’s decision means only one major arms control treaty between the nuclear powers — the New Start treaty — remains in place. Thursday 27 May 2021 8:02 pm Joe Biden said this evening the US will not rejoin the pact The move comes just weeks before President Joe Biden and Russian President Vladimir Putin are to meet on June 16 in Geneva, Switzerland in a bid to try to find common ground amid a sharp deterioration in ties that have sunk relations to their lowest point in decades. The Biden administration has informed Russia that it will not rejoin a key arms control pact, even as the two sides prepare for a summit next month between their leaders. More than 1,500 flights have been conducted under the treaty since it took effect in 2002, aimed at fostering transparency and allowing for the monitoring of arms control and other agreements. Trump administration whatsapp The officials said the review had been completed and that Sherman had informed Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov of the US decision not to return to Open Skies on Thursday. Share Trump had done nothing to extend New Start, which would have expired earlier this year, but after taking office the Biden administration moved quickly to extend it for five years and opened a review into the Open Skies Treaty withdrawal. US informs Russia it will not rejoin Open Skies arms control pact Michiel Willems Joe Biden said this evening the US will not rejoin the pact Also Read: US informs Russia it will not rejoin Open Skies arms control pact whatsapp US officials said Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman told the Russians that the administration had decided not to re-enter the Open Skies Treaty, which had allowed surveillance flights over military facilities in both countries but that former president Donald Trump had withdrawn from. The Open Skies Treaty was intended to build trust between Russia and the West by allowing the accord’s more than three dozen signatories to conduct reconnaissance flights over each other’s territories to collect information about military forces and activities. Tags: Joe Biden Vladimir Putinlast_img read more

Airports look to raise transport standards as pharma air cargo volumes grow

first_img With a dire market for general air cargo, pharmaceuticals continue to prop up the sector, according to the latest figures from WorldACD.And companies are doing their utmost to impress pharma shippers with their high standards.Pharma shipments rose 12.3%, year-on-year, in April, with Middle East traffic seeing most growth at 16.6%, against 7.3% in Europe.Companies that have joined the IATA CEIV programme have reported growing pharma volumes – and this morning DHL Global Forwarding announced that 30 of its DHL Air Thermonet GDP Compliant stations worldwide are in the process of becoming CEIV certified, with assessments starting in the third quarter. © Peter Scott By Alex Lennane 31/05/2016center_img The forwarder has already become certified in Brussels, arguably the most pharma-focused airport, which, with Miami, announced last week they are establishing a new global organisation dedicated to improving standards in pharma transport.Called, the group will help members share best practice, set standards and network with each other. While one airport executive questioned the value, as CEIV already creates a common standard practice, Brussels Airport Cargo chief Steven Polmans said the group would raise standards even higher.“CEIV is still something we support completely, and for us shows you are serious about pharma; you know what it means to handle pharma.“But we want to take the next step: how can we further innovate and find solutions that are a concern to the industry today?“So yes, temperature excursions are part of the problem. But so is theft and mishandling. Or tarmac transport. Or transparency and track and trace. To give just one example: based on shippers’ feedback we developed our cool dolly. But more important is that the development was done together with the shippers, resulting in a full terminal mapping – which is not the case with existing other solutions. And the mapping was done as per standards and protocols used by the shippers.”While is open to all companies which have achieved CEIV, Mr Polmans said the aim of the group was not to have lots of members, but to welcome only those which actively contribute. He denied it was a marketing initiative.“We have been working very closely with the pharma shippers for the past few years. This led to a pharma forum, which meets three times a year. Those meetings have resulted in several local initiatives, so this new global setup is a direct result of our cooperation with the shippers.”The organisation will be officially launched in October, when it expects to announce pharma shipper members.last_img read more

News / Shippers call for better communication: ‘let’s get closer to the client’

first_img© Kiosea39 Extreme volatility in supply chains can in part be mitigated by better communication between partners, shippers told delegates at Air Cargo India in Mumbai today.“The experience we’ve been going through is that it’s getting increasingly difficult to predict customer expectations,” said Phani Krishna, regional head of DSV Air & Sea.“Something will happen tomorrow that is completely contradictory to something that happened today. The buyers’ expectations are manifold, but they want the product as soon as they can – it’s walking a tightrope. By Alex Lennane 26/02/2020center_img “The role we are trying to play now is to get closer to the client, and the demand side. How do they feel? On the carrier side, we collaborate to help them understand what the client wants.”Shippers pointed out that they too have clients – which could make their own business hard to predict.“We also have customers and they are demanding,” said Pramod Sant, vice president, head of import export and customs, Siemens.“It might be urgent, or huge quantities – our requirements are definitely becoming harder. We are looking for transparency of information and data. It’s very important. We don’t want to have to go to forwarders and airlines, which takes time.Tata Motors has significant volatility in its supply chains, said Sujan Roy, head of international business for passenger vehicles.“I don’t see that volatility going away. Customers can go from zero orders to masses in a matter of hours. Volatility is a truth of life, and the sooner we accept that the better. The faster you can adapt to fast turnarounds the faster you can serve your customers. We have to work together.”Siemens bases its forwarder procurement on their ability to adapt to special demands. “That’s the first thing – if I am sure they can meet my service requirements. Then I push on price, and then I look for value-added services. Lastly it’s digitisation and how that can help me reduce problems – these are my parameters.”Tata agreed reliability was key, and relationships helped.“We work with companies over a long period of time. You build up relationships and partners are willing to accommodate you because of the strength of those relationships. Partners who educate us are those that we stay with.”last_img read more

Pharmalittle: Shire files antitrust suit against Allergan; FDA looks to boost generic competition

first_img STAT+ is STAT’s premium subscription service for in-depth biotech, pharma, policy, and life science coverage and analysis. Our award-winning team covers news on Wall Street, policy developments in Washington, early science breakthroughs and clinical trial results, and health care disruption in Silicon Valley and beyond. Ed Silverman By Ed Silverman Oct. 3, 2017 Reprints [email protected] Pharmalot Top of the morning to you, and a fine one, it is. A sunny sky and a cool breeze are enveloping the cozy Pharmalot campus, where the usual routine was briefly altered when the short person required extra help reaching the local schoolhouse. Now, though, the rhythm has returned as we forage for items of interest. Speaking of which, here are some tidbits to help you along during what is likely to be a busy day, yes? So grab your cup of stimulation and dig in. Hope all goes well and do keep in touch. We enjoy hearing and reading secrets …Shire (SHPG) filed an antitrust lawsuit accusing Allergan (AGN) of using contracts with Medicare Part D plans to block access to its Xiidra eye drops, which compete with Allergan’s Restasis drops. “We do not see how Allergan‘s discounting and rebating is different from the normal course of action in the pharmaceutical industry,” Wells Fargo analyst David Maris writes. “These allegations are very common,” Herbert Hovenkamp, an antitrust expert at the University of Pennsylvania, tells The Wall Street Journal. “They are not easy to prove.” What is it? Tags legalpharmaceuticalspharmalittlepolicySTAT+ GET STARTED Alex Hogan/STATcenter_img Log In | Learn More Unlock this article — plus daily coverage and analysis of the pharma industry — by subscribing to STAT+. First 30 days free. GET STARTED Daily reporting and analysis The most comprehensive industry coverage from a powerhouse team of reporters Subscriber-only newsletters Daily newsletters to brief you on the most important industry news of the day STAT+ Conversations Weekly opportunities to engage with our reporters and leading industry experts in live video conversations Exclusive industry events Premium access to subscriber-only networking events around the country The best reporters in the industry The most trusted and well-connected newsroom in the health care industry And much more Exclusive interviews with industry leaders, profiles, and premium tools, like our CRISPR Trackr. Pharmalittle: Shire files antitrust suit against Allergan; FDA looks to boost generic competition Pharmalot Columnist, Senior Writer Ed covers the pharmaceutical industry. @Pharmalot What’s included? About the Author Reprintslast_img read more

Minivan slams into Lehigh Acres Family Dollar

first_imgAdvertisementTags: Family DollarLehigh Acres AdvertisementDC Young Fly knocks out heckler (video) – Rolling OutRead more6 comments’Mortal Kombat’ Exceeded Expectations Says WarnerMedia ExecutiveRead more2 commentsDo You Remember Bob’s Big Boy?Read more1 commentsKISS Front Man Paul Stanley Reveals This Is The End Of KISS As A Touring Band, For RealRead more1 comments Driver slams into parked cars in Lehigh Acres, deputies blame foul weather June 17, 2021 Lehigh Elementary preschool teacher accused of child abuse won’t renew contract June 16, 2021 Advertisement Lehigh Acres man gains attention for riding bike backwards June 16, 2021 LEHIGH ACRES, Fla. – Two people are in the hospital after a minivan crashed into the front of a Family Dollar store in Lehigh Acres Monday. The crash happened just before 2 p.m. when the van drove into the store located at 1111 Homestead Road N, according to the Lehigh Acres Fire Department.A person walking outside of the building on the sidewalk was seriously injured in the crash, according to Florida Highway Patrol (FHP). Photo courtesy of the Lehigh Acres Fire DepartmentThe driver accidentally pushed the gas instead of the brake, according to Florida Highway Patrol. She has been taken to the hospital, though Lehigh Fire crews said she was uninjured in the crash. AdvertisementFHP is currently investigating the crash. Photo courtesy of the Lehigh Acres Fire Department RELATEDTOPICS Advertisement Suspect breaks into Lehigh Acres Popeyes June 11, 2021 AdvertisementRecommended ArticlesBrie Larson Reportedly Replacing Robert Downey Jr. As The Face Of The MCURead more81 commentsGal Gadot Reportedly Being Recast As Wonder Woman For The FlashRead more29 commentslast_img read more

The latest LaoisToday Hurling Team of The Week as championship hots up

first_imgHome Sport GAA The latest LaoisToday Hurling Team of The Week as championship hots up SportGAAHurling 2020 U-15 ‘B’ glory for Ballyroan-Abbey following six point win over Killeshin By LaoisToday Reporter – 10th September 2019 WhatsApp Facebook Brought to you in association with First Choice Bathrooms and TilesThe group stages of the Senior A and Senior championships have concluded while the Intermediate is at final stage.There is a replay in the junior semi final after The Harps and Castletown drew while the winners will face Park-Ratheniska-Timahoe.We’ve picked out of Team of the Week with 10 clubs represented.1 – Danny Hanlon (Clough-Ballacolla)Clough Ballacolla veterans Danny Hanlon with Aoife and Canice Coonan with Brian after winning the SHC final at O’Moore Park in 2015.Picture: Alf Harvey/HRPhoto.ieHanlon has been consitency personified for Ballacolla in this year’s championship and following on from a fine league final performance, he has been very good in the three championship games to date.Pulled off a good save early on against Camross on Saturday night and his puckouts were key from start to finish. Also chipped in a huge long-range free in the second half.2 – Malvin Moloney (Camross)Moloney was solid at the back – and cleared a world of ball in the intermediate victory over Clough-Ballacolla on Sunday evening.The veteran defender, who won a senior medal last year, may yet have a role to play with the first string as the year progresses.3 – Daniel Comerford (The Harps)Daniel Comerford – rightThe Harps were in a relatively strange position against Shanahoe as they went into the game virtually assured of a semi final place.But after a close first half, they pushed clear in the second with Comerford commanding the defence all around him.4 – Diarmaid Conway (Clough-Ballacolla)Teenager Diarmaid Conway has taken to senior hurling very well and he was in fine form as Clough-Ballacolla took top spot on Sunday.Tasked with marking the lively Mark Dowling, Conway stuck to his man like glue and gave an exhibition of corner back play.5 – Eric Killeen (Rathdowney-Errill)19 May 2017; Eric Killeen of Laois. Laois Hurling Squad Portraits 2017 at O’Moore Park in Portlaoise, Co Laois. Photo by Oliver McVeigh/SportsfileEric Killeen had a number of brief cameos for Laois this year but the Rathdowney-Errill defender will be hoping for more action if he continues to perform like this.He cleaned up on puck-outs in the easy win over Portlaoise and is improving with every game.6 – Stephen Phelan (Borris-Kilcotton)Stephen PhelanPhelan slotted in at centre back for Borris-Kilcotton and did really well as they saw off Abbeyleix comfortably.He is very good in the air and delivered in a number of brilliant balls to the full forward line.7 – Joe Fitzpatrick (Rathdowney-Errill)Like a fine wine, Joe Fitzpatrick is getting better with age he seems and his scoring for a defender is out of this world.Rathdowney-Errill scored 33 points against Portlaoise and four of them came from his stick as they sailed to the semi finals.8 – Ryan Mullaney (Castletown)7 July 2019; Ryan Mullaney of Laois celebrates with supporters following the GAA Hurling All-Ireland Senior Championship preliminary round quarter-final match between Laois and Dublin at O’Moore Park in Portlaoise, Laois. Photo by Sam Barnes/SportsfileRyan Mullaney is the heartbeat of the Castletown team which gathered a second win of the campaign over Ballinakill at the weekend.Mullaney scored a fine point and won everything around the middle of the field.9 – Jimmy Hyland (Mountrath) Ace free-taker Jimmy Hyland was at it again for Mountrath as they defeated Clonaslee in the Senior A on Friday night to book a quarter final place.Hyland rotated between the forwards and midfield where he constantly won clean ball for his side.10 – Brian Fitzpatrick (Rosenallis)In the absence of John Lennon, Rosenallis needed their other players to stand up and be counted – which is exactly what Brian ‘Beano’ Fitzpatrick did.He scored 1-3 as Rosenallis saw off Slieve Bloom to set up a quarter final clash with Mountrath.11 – PJ Scully (Borris-Kilcotton)Borris-Kilcotton sharpshooter PJ ScullyPJ was immense in attack at the weekend scoring 2-9 for Borris-Kilcotton to soar to the top of the scoring charts.His accuracy on frees will be key for Borris-Kilcotton as the rounds go on.12 – Eoin Fitzpatrick (Borris-Kilcotton)Scully is joined in the half forward line by another Borris-Kilcotton player, Eoin Fitzpatrick, although from a different grade.Fitzpatrick was wing forward for the intermediates and fired five points from play with incredible accuracy in the win over Mountmellick.13 – Oisin Bennett (Camross)Bennett was a handful for the Ballacola defenders and got himself 2-4.He will be hoping that his run of form can earn him some game time at senior level in the coming weeks.14 – Ross King (Rathdowney-Errill)Ross King and his mam BernieWith the suspended Mark Kavanagh unable to play, Ross King stepped into the free taking duties for the win over Portlaoise.He helped himself to nine points and was a live wire throughout.15 – Paschal Foyle (Park-Ratheniska-Timahoe)In the absence of the injured Robbie Foyle, Park-Ratheniska-Timahoe turned to Paschal Foyle to be their chief scorer and he didn’t let them down.He scored 1-8 of their 1-12 and was flawless on the frees.SUBS OF THE WEEKBen Shore (Slieve Bloom)Ben shore was called upon after just 3 minutes when injury struck Enda Conroy.He went on to have an immense game at corner back winning a world of ballRay Bowe (Rathdowney-Errill)Half time substitute Ray Bowe came on for Rathdowney-Errill and gave management something to think about with four points.SEE ALSO – The Laois Ladies football Team of the Week following county final action Pinterest WhatsApp TAGSHurling team of the week RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR The latest LaoisToday Hurling Team of The Week as championship hots up Previous articleIn Pictures: Shaws launch new fashion range created for and inspired by professional womenNext articleGarda appeal following ‘sledgehammer’ attack on Laois post office LaoisToday Reporter Twitter GAA Facebook GAA Here are all of Wednesday’s Laois GAA results Twitter Kelly and Farrell lead the way as St Joseph’s claim 2020 U-15 glory Pinterest GAA last_img read more

Basel III could boost liquidity risks, says Fitch

TD getting new head of private wealth, financial planning Stricter banking regulations, such as Basel III, could push some banking activities into the so-called shadow banking sector, amplifying liquidity risks, says a new report from Fitch Ratings. The rating agency says that activities involving riskier exposures, which will be subject to higher capital charges, may migrate into the “shadow banking” sector. As a result, it believes that repurchase agreements (repos), which were once viewed as a relatively mundane form of short-term financing, are likely to remain a source of liquidity risk. Canadian banks to focus on growth, spending and buybacks after strong second quarter Related news Facebook LinkedIn Twitter Fed plays limited role in assessing climate risks for banks Keywords Banking industry,  Shadow bankingCompanies Basel Committee on Banking Supervision James Langton It notes that during the credit crisis, repo markets were linked to both illiquidity-driven price volatility, and to funding challenges for dealers that faced diminished market access. “Given their inherent leverage, short tenor, and relative opacity, repo markets remain a potential channel for liquidity risks during market distress,” it says. Fitch says that as markets experience turbulence, repo lenders respond rationally by deleveraging, which promotes procyclicality, exacerbating market volatility. This, among other things, means repo markets are likely to be a source of liquidity risk. “Disruptions in repo markets could negatively affect financial institutions, which may face funding challenges given the risk aversion of [moneymarket funds] as repo lenders,” the report says. “Repo market disruptions could also impair the liquidity and valuation of assets that lose acceptance as collateral, affecting not only repo market participants, but also cash investors that take long positions without deploying leverage.” Share this article and your comments with peers on social media read more

Canaccord acquires Petsky Prunier

first_imgFounded in 1999, Petsky Prunier’s investment banking practice focuses on mid-market technology, media, marketing, information and services, and healthcare industries.With the acquisition, clients will benefit from “our significantly enhanced advisory capability and reach,” Jeff Barlow, president, Canaccord Genuity LLC, says in a statement.Agreement terms can be found in the company’s news release.Canaccord also released its earnings for the third quarter of fiscal 2019, ended Dec. 31, 2018. The company generated $331.6 million in revenue, up 7.2% from the third quarter of 2017, and recorded net income of $32.5 million or net income attributable to common shareholders of $30.1 million (earnings per share of $0.25).The full earnings report can be found here. 123RF Desjardins buys Montreal boutique firm Hexavest Toronto-based Canaccord Genuity Group Inc. announced on Wednesday that it has acquired New York–based Petsky Prunier, a mergers and acquisitions advisory firm.The acquisition represents Canaccord Genuity’s commitment to add scale to its fixed cost base in the U.S. and diversify its revenue streams, the firm says in a statement. CI acquires US$5.1B San Diego-based RIA Keywords Mergers and acquisitionsCompanies Canaccord Genuity Group Inc. Share this article and your comments with peers on social media Cidel Asset Management to acquire fixed income manager Related news IE Staff Facebook LinkedIn Twitterlast_img read more

Five amazing classics coming up for auction in Villa Erba

first_imgNow this is an odd one. The 911 RSR was Porsche‘s ready-made racer kind-of available to the general public. Imagine a GT3 RS but with no carpets, race-quality AN fittings and a fuel cell. A real race car. Well, someone ordered one of these new in 1993 and custom ordered an entirely red interior to be put in the car instead of the race-spec stripped interior – plus purple wheels to boot. Scratching your head yet? It gets stranger. The owner proceeds to drive the car a whole 10 kilometres and left the factory Cosmoline grease coating all over the car, and that’s exactly what we have today. A greased up, stripped out race car with a blindingly red interior, purple wheels and 10 kilometres on the odometer. Simply baffling. 1975 Lamborghini Countach LP400 (est. $1.5 million)Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Created with Raphaël 2.1.21975 Lamborghini Countach LP400 Clearly, classic cars are the best cars and therefore the most expensive; in fact, the most expensive cars ever sold all had carburetors.On May 27, RM Sotheby’s will host its Villa Erba auction on the picturesque shores of Lake Como near Milan, Italy. No, they don’t pay me to romantically describe it, but they should – some of the world’s most desirable classics will go under the hammer, and here are some of our favourites. All of the estimated sale prices have been converted to Canadian dollars.1961 Jaguar E-Type (est. $416,000)Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Created with Raphaël 2.1.21961 Jaguar E-Type The Rolls-Royce Boat Tail may be the most expensive new car ever 1964 Ferrari 250 GT/L Lusso (est. $2.3 million)Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Created with Raphaël 2.1.21964 Ferrari 250 GT/L ‘Lusso’ advertisement Steve McQueen was a questionable actor, but his taste in cars was nothing short of impeccable. He did not own this particular 1964 Ferrari 250 GT/L  Lusso, but he did own a car just like it. It’s easy to see where ol’ Steve saw the appeal. The Lusso was a cross between Ferrari’s hardcore racers and their formal-looking 2+2 cars. The Lusso’s swoopy lines drape over a 3.0-litre SOHC V12 and leather-lined seating for two. It’s perfect.1993 Porsche 911 Carrera RSR (est. $3.2 million)Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Created with Raphaël 2.1.21993 Porsche 911 Carrera RSR Buy It! Princess Diana’s humble little 1981 Ford Escort is up for auction An engagement gift from Prince Charles, the car is being sold by a Princess Di “superfan” Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Created with Raphaël 2.1.2 These are just some of our favourite cars from RM Sotheby’s upcoming Villa Erba auction. ‹ Previous Next › We encourage all readers to share their views on our articles using Facebook commenting Visit our FAQ page for more information. Trending in Canada See More Videos The Jaguar E-Type was produced between 1961 and 1974, becoming one of the most iconic sports cars of all time. The early 3.8-litre Series 1 cars are the most cramped, least user-friendly and hardly the fastest of all the E-Types, but they are undeniably the prettiest. The very earliest Es, such as this one, are called “flat floor” cars – the most sought after of all. This one looks perfect inside and out. PlayThe Rolls-Royce Boat Tail may be the most expensive new car everPlay3 common new car problems (and how to prevent them) | Maintenance Advice | Driving.caPlayFinal 5 Minivan Contenders | Driving.caPlay2021 Volvo XC90 Recharge | Ministry of Interior Affairs | Driving.caPlayThe 2022 Ford F-150 Lightning is a new take on Canada’s fave truck | Driving.caPlayBuying a used Toyota Tundra? Check these 5 things first | Used Truck Advice | Driving.caPlayCanada’s most efficient trucks in 2021 | Driving.caPlay3 ways to make night driving safer and more comfortable | Advice | Driving.caPlayDriving into the Future: Sustainability and Innovation in tomorrow’s cars | virtual panelPlayThese spy shots get us an early glimpse of some future models | COMMENTSSHARE YOUR THOUGHTS There has never been a car as wild as the Lamborghini Countach before or since. This oh-so-subtle car is finished in surface-of-the-flipping-sun yellow and a leather interior like a baseball glove. It’s powered by a 4.0L DOHC V12 390 horsepower and it revs to nearly 8,000 rpm. It’s also an early “periscopo” model, meaning that the centre rearview mirror is actually a periscope that reflects vision across the top of the roof due to the incredibly low roofline. It doesn’t actually work, but it’s pretty novel. RELATED TAGSBMWFerrariJaguarLamborghiniPorscheClassic CarsClassic Cars & TrucksNew VehiclesAutomobili Lamborghini Holding SpABMW 5 SeriesBMW AGCars and Car DesignClassic and Antique CarsCulture and LifestyleDr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AGEuropeFerrari 250Ferrari SpAItalyJaguar Cars Ltd.Jaguar E-TypeLake ComoLamborghini CountachLuxury and Exotic CarsPorsche 911Southern EuropeSports CarsSteve McQueen 1957 BMW 507 Roadster (est. $2.8 million)Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Created with Raphaël 2.1.21957 BMW 507 roadster Trending Videos Many of the cars on this list are so clean, you could eat your lunch on the intake manifold. But this BMW 507 roadster is decidedly ratty in its appearance and that’s because it hasn’t been restored or modified since the 1970s. The seats have collapsed, the rocker panels are wavy and the engine is greasy. This car might get a concours restoration eventually, but its original condition makes it very unique. RM Sotheby’slast_img read more

Team Teaching Comparative History Provides Special Benefits, CU Professor Finds

first_img Published: April 9, 2001 When CU-Boulder Professor Patricia Limerick was asked to teach a comparative history course along with two of her colleagues she said it afforded her a “great opportunity to return to the receiving end of the educational business.” The capstone course offered to graduating CU-Boulder seniors is team-taught by two or three faculty members. Twice in recent years, Limerick, an American West historian, teamed up with Middle East historian James Jankowski and African historian Chidiebere Nwaubani to teach a class examining colonialism and imperialism in each of the three areas. The experience was so stimulating that Limerick made it the focus of her presidential address last year to the Western History Association. Examining how indigenous people in each of those regions underwent colonization — a topic recently the subject of apologies by British and Spanish royalty, the U.S. government and the pope — provided revelations concerning the conquest of American Indian and Mexican peoples in the American West, Limerick said. The framework of comparative history illuminated issues including colonizers’ anxieties directed at the educated native elite; colonial thinking toward uplifting indigenous women; the roles of diplomats and the military in expanding territory; the response of colonized people to the introduction of new religions; and the emergence of worldwide conservation efforts and their impact on native peoples. “Teaching this course made me feel that the heat had been turned down on, to use one example, the otherwise very touchy issue of ethnic identity,” Limerick said. “Lecturing on Egyptian, Islamic and Arabic identity, Jim Jankowski repeatedly said that ‘Identity is contingent, multiple and contested,’ a chant that I vowed to carry with me when I returned to Western history. Memorable articles in our course reading spelled out the idea that the hardened ethnic identities of today — whether ‘ethnic’ or ‘national’ — were themselves the products of the imperial process.” Another surprise was the similarity in the reaction of indigenous people to the introduction of a new religion. American Indian leader Black Elk, who is enshrined as the archetype of traditional Lakota belief in the writings of John G. Neihardt, converted to Catholicism and interpreted Catholicism as a logical extension of Lakota belief, Limerick noted. “In the context of world history, this combining, quilting, weaving and knitting of traditions came to seem more the predictable norm of human behavior, rather than a puzzling and inexplicable contradiction or inconsistency,” she said. Making note of common patterns in global history can prevent historians from wrongly interpreting certain historical developments as being unique to a particular area, and can also provide wonderful opportunities to work with people from other disciplines, she said. “I am now more than ever convinced that Western American history can play a key role in the recovery from specialization, an affliction that has come down on the academic profession with disproportionate force,” Limerick said. “Western American history offers a literally world-class basis for alliances, for building bridges and pooling efforts with fellow investigators in many other areas of work.” The CU-Boulder history department offers several other capstone courses in comparative history for graduating seniors, all of which are team-taught by faculty members. Limerick is chair of the board of CU-Boulder’s interdisciplinary Center of the American West and has served as president of the Western History Association and the American Studies Association. She is the author of “Legacy of Conquest,” “Something in the Soil” and “Desert Passages.” She has been a member of the CU-Boulder faculty since 1984 and teaches both undergraduate and graduate students. She is an associate director of CU-Boulder’s Minority Arts and Sciences Program and in 1995 was awarded a MacArthur Fellowship, also known as the “genius grant.” Share Share via TwitterShare via FacebookShare via LinkedInShare via E-maillast_img read more